Neuropathy Tingling Burning Pain Relief in Bowie, MD
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What is Peripheral Neuropathy?
The term peripheral neuropathy is used to describe a variety of conditions affecting the nerves in the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system is in the arms and legs. The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy include pain, numbness, tingling, burning, and weakness. It can be caused by a number of conditions including trauma, metabolic disorders, alcoholism, cancer chemotherapy, and infections.
The peripheral nervous system serves an important function, which is to make the person aware that there is possible tissue damage or a dangerous element in their immediate environment. Normal function of the nervous system is such that pain is an indicator of imminent or actual harm to a body part, which results in protective reflexes that will either prevent or minimize the damage. The pain generally described as sharp, aching, and throbbing. When pain occurs without any noxious stimuli or threat of imminent harm, this is termed neuropathic pain. It is maladaptive, or dysfunctional, and does not serve any purpose for the nervous system. Typically, the sensations are described as tingling, shooting, or stinging.
The nervous system is comprised of two parts: the central nervous system, which includes the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, which includes all the nerves apart from the brain and spinal cord. Peripheral neuropathy affects the peripheral nerves. The peripheral nervous system has two parts: the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system. The somatic nervous system exerts control over the skeletal muscles and allows us to have voluntary control over our bodies. The autonomic nervous system controls automatic and involuntary functions of the body, which include our cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, and urinary tract systems. These systems all work outside of our conscious control … for example, we don’t have to remind ourselves to breath or tell our heart to beat every second. In the peripheral nervous system there are two major types of nerves. There are the motor nerves and the sensory nerves. The motor nerves carry electrical impulses from the brain to the peripheral skeletal muscles. The sensory nerves carry messages from the periphery (the arms, legs, and organs) to the spinal cord and brain.
Structure of Peripheral Nervous System
The peripheral nerve cells have two types of nerve fibers, large and small. The large nerve fibers are responsible for motor function, vibration perception, positional sense, and perception of temperature. They are typically myelinated and long. Myelination, or insulation of the nerve fibers, allows them to carry nerve signals at a very rapid rate to the central nervous system. When the large fibers don’t work well, dysfunction is characterized by numbness, tingling, weakness, and loss of deep tendon reflexes.
Small nerve fibers can be either myelinated or unmyelinated. These small nerve fibers are typically very sensitive to pain and abnormal sensations such as tingling or burning. Small fiber neuropathy symptoms may include pain, altered sensation, pressure, or insensitivity to heat/cold. The pain may be described as burning or stabbing, and the altered sensations may be described as warmth, coldness, a warm fluid dripping down the leg, or bugs crawling on the skin. Autonomic dysfunction may also occur with small nerve dysfunction. Autonomic dysfunction is a change in controls of our normal homeostasis of the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, or urinary tract systems.
What happens in peripheral neuropathy near Bowie, MD?
In peripheral neuropathy there is a dysfunction or abnormal function of the nerves in the peripheral nervous system. The symptoms associated with peripheral neuropathy depend on which nerves are affected. Remember that there are three types of nerves in the peripheral nervous system: the sensory nerves, the motor nerves, and the peripheral nerves. The sensory nerves relate to the input from the periphery of the body to the central nervous system. If the sensory nerves are damaged this may lead to pain, numbness, tingling, burning, or a loss of sensation. Typically, the symptoms start in the legs or the hands and move centrally towards the trunk. The nerve damage can either be in the large or the small fibers and the symptoms may be either continuous or intermittent. If there is lack of sensation, multiple recurring injuries may occur because the limbs are numb and the injuries aren’t noticed.
“The pain may be described as burning or stabbing. “
This can have devastating results such as damage to the skin, chronic infections, poor healing, and loss of limbs. If the motor nerves are damaged, then there may be loss of control over the arms or legs. This can be noted as weakness, discoordination, or heaviness and may progressively worsen over time, depending on the damage. If the autonomic nervous system peripheral nerves are damaged, then there may be symptoms related to the cardiac, respiratory, gastrointestinal, or urinary tract systems. These symptoms may include heart rate irregularities, blood pressure changes, inability to regulate body temperature, sweating abnormalities, dizziness, bowel dysfunction, sexual dysfunction or blurred vision.
Neuropathy Tingling Burning Pain Relief Bowie, MD 21114
Precise Chiropractic & Rehabilitation
2191 Defense Highway, Suite 308
Crofton, MD 21114
Phone: (410) 370-0600